2016年12月四級真題答案和解析(翻譯閱讀聽力) - 下載本文

2016年12月四級真題答案和解析

翻譯一(紅色)

在中國文化中,紅色通常象征著好運、長壽和幸福,在春節和其他喜慶場合,紅色到處可見。人們把現金作為禮物送給家人或親密朋友時,通常放在紅信封里。紅色在中國流行的另一個原因是人們把它與中國革命和共產黨相聯系。然而,紅色并不總是代表好運與快樂。因為從前死者的名字常用紅色書寫,用紅墨水寫中國人名被看成是一種冒犯行為。

Red often symbolizes good luck, longevity and happiness in Chinese culture. Red can be found everywhere during the Chinese Spring Festival and other joyous occasions. Cash is often used as gift to family members or close friends, which is often put in red envelops. Its popularity can also be ascribed/credited/attributed the fact that people associate it with Chinese revolution and the Communist Party. However, it does not always represent good luck and joy because the name of the dead used to be written in red. Using red ink to write names of Chinese people were regarded as an offense.

翻譯二(白色)

隨著中國的改革開放,如今很多年輕人都喜歡舉行西式婚禮。新娘在婚禮上穿著白色婚紗,因為白色被認為是純潔的象征。然而,在中國傳統文化中,白色經常是葬禮上使用的顏色。因此務必記住,白花一定不要用作祝人康復的禮物,尤其

不要送給老年人或危重病人。同樣,禮金也不能裝在白色信封里,而要裝在紅色信封里。

With China’s reform and opening up, a large body of youngsters tend to hold Western-style weddings nowadays. The bride usually wears a white wedding dress at the wedding, because white is regarded as a symbol of purity. However, in traditional Chinese culture, white is often used in funerals. Therefore, please remember that white flowers must not be used as gifts to patients, especially not to seniors or terminally ill patients. Similarly, the cash gift should be put in red envelops ratherthan white ones.

翻譯三(黃色)

在中國文化中,黃顏色是一種很重要的顏色,因為它具有獨特的象征意義。在封建社會(feudal)中,它象征著統治者的權利和權威。那時,黃色是專為皇帝使用的顏色。皇家宮殿全都漆成黃色,黃袍總是黃色,而普通老百姓是禁止穿黃色衣服的。在中國,黃色也是收獲的象征。秋天莊稼成熟時,田野變得一片金黃。人們興高采烈,慶祝豐收。

聽力答案

Section A

1. [A] It was dangerous to live in. 2. [B] A storm

3. [B] They were trapped in an underground elevator.

4. [C] They sent supplies to keep the miners warm. 5. [D] Close some of its post office. 6. [C] Stopping mail delivery on Saturdays. 7. [A] Many post office staff will lose their jobs.

Section B

8. [D] He will lose part of his pay. 9. [B] He is a trustworthy guy.

10.[D] She is better at handling such matters. 11.[C] He is always trying to stir up trouble. 12. [D] Reserved

13. [A] They stay quiet

14. [C] She was never invited to a colleague’s home. 15. [B] Houses provide more privacy

Section C

16. [D] They will automatically be given hiring priority. 17. [C] Visit the school careers service.

18. [B] Supervising study spaces to ensure a quiet atmosphere. 19. [C] It may be sold at a higher price. 20. [A] It is healthier than green tee. 21. [D] It does not have a stable market.

22. [B] They prefer unique objects of high quality. 23. [B] They could only try to create at night. 24. [A] Make wise choices.

25. [A] To boost the local economy.

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閱讀答案

Section A 26. [E] challenges

27. [J] searched 28. [D] categorizing 29. [K] similarities 30. [L] slightly 31. [G] percentage 32. [O] traditional 33. [ I ] regardless 34. [H] proving 35. [M] suggests

Section B

Can Barglars Jam Your Wirless Security System? 36. [I] 37. [D] 38. [J] 39. [F] 40. [B] 41. [H] 42. [C] 43. [K] 44. [G] 45. [E]

Section C passage one

46. [B] He intends to get rid of the tipping practice. 47. [C] It forces the customer to comensate the waiter.

48. [D] They can have some say in how much their servers earn. 49. [A] Services quality has little effect on tip size.

50. [D] Waiters should be paid by employers instead of customers.

passage two

51. [C] The impact of cheap oil on global economic growth.

52. [D] Consumers will spend their savings from cheap oil on other commodities. 53. [C] They use their money reserves to back up consumption. 54. [B] Its negative effects more than cancel out its positive effects. 55. [A] People are not spending all the money they save on gas.





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